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LSE - Labwork in Science Education

Period: 01.02.1996 - 31.07.1998
Project management: Prof. Dr. Hans Niedderer
Financing: European Commission Contract SO E2 CT 95 2001 Project PL 95 2005
Cooperation:

France - DidaSco Université Paris XI and INRP Marie-Geneviève Séré (Co-ordinator and Group Leader), Daniel Beaufils, Michel Beney, Alain Guillon, Didier Pol, Nahim Salamé, Jean Winther

Denmark - FIFU, Regional Centre of research and promotion of Further education Albert C. Paulsen (Group-leader, Royal Danish School of Educational Studies), Dorte Hammelev (Roskilde University), Helge Kudahl (FIFU)

France - COAST - GRIC Université Lyon 2 Andrée Tiberghien (Group Leader), Karine Bécu-Robinault, Christian Buty, Jean-François Le Maréchal, Laurent Veillard

Germany - Institut für Didaktik der Physik, University of Bremen; Hans Niedderer (Group Leader), Stefan von Aufschnaiter, Hans Fischer (University of Dortmund), Kerstin Haller, Lorenz Hucke (University of Dortmund), Florian Sander, Horst Schecker, Manuela Welzel

Great Britain - LIS, The University of Leeds; John Leach (Group Leader), the late Rosalind Driver (King's College), Jenny Lewis, Robin Millar (University of York), Jim Ryder

Greece - TESME, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Dimitris Psillos (Group Leader), Petros Kariotoglou, Vasilis Tselfes, Panagiotis Koumaras, Alekos Barbas, Garo Bisdikian, Dimitris Evangelinos, Anastasios Molohidids

Italy - University of Rome 'La Sapienza'; University of Rome 3 Matilde Vicentini (Group Leader), Milena Bandiera, Francisco Dupré, Carlo Tarsitani, Eugenio Torracca

Members: Prof. Dr. Hans E. Fischer, Dr. Kerstin Haller, Dr. Lorenz Hucke, Traudel Kassel, Dr. Marita Kröger (geb. Schmidt) , Prof. Dr. Hans Niedderer , Dr. Florian Sander, Prof. Dr. Horst Schecker , PD Dr. Heike Theyßen, Prof. Dr. Stefan von Aufschnaiter , Prof. Dr. Manuela Welzel

Project Overview (1996-1998) This project stems from a concern to recognise science education as an important component of a general education, not only for future scientists and engineers, but also for any future citizen in a European society which is increasingly dependent upon science and technology. Research has focused upon the role of laboratory work ('labwork') in science teaching at the levels of upper secondary school and the first two years of undergraduate study, in physics, chemistry, and biology. Various forms of labwork have been identified and investigated, including 'typical' activities in which pairs of students work on activities following precise instructions, open-ended project work in which students design and carry out empirical investigations, and the use of modern technologies for modelling, simulating and data processing. The main objectives of the project were to clarify and differentiate learning objectives for labwork, and to conduct investigations yielding information that might be used in the design of labwork approaches that are as effective as possible in promoting student learning. A survey was conducted to allow for better description of existing labwork practices in the countries involved. There are great variations from country to country in the time devoted to labwork, the assessment of students' performance in labwork and the equipment available. However, the forms of labwork activity used between countries are remarkably similar. In each country, the most frequent activity involves students following precise instructions in pairs or threes. A document has been produced describing the place of labwork in science education in each country. A second survey was conducted to study the learning objectives attributed to labwork by teachers. There are some differences between countries in terms of the relative importance given to the teaching of laboratory skills. Motivation for science learning is not attributed particularly high status as an objective for labwork learning. In each country, the main goal for labwork teaching in the view of teachers surveyed concerns enabling students to form links 'between theory and practice'. A third piece of survey work was conducted to investigate the images of science drawn upon by students during labwork, and the image of science conveyed to students by teachers during labwork. These surveys were based upon the hypothesis that epistemological and sociological ideas about science are prominent during labwork. 22 case studies were carried out in order to clarify the variety of knowledge, attitudes and competencies that can be promoted through labwork. The case studies focused upon both empirical labwork and labwork involving computer modelling and simulation. The work has resulted in an analysis of the effectiveness of labwork, leading to recommendations about policy. It is hoped that teachers and policy makers with responsibilities in science education generally, and labwork in particular, will find these useful in informing future practice with respect to possible objectives for labwork, links between objectives, methods of organisation of labwork and ways of observing and evaluating the effectiveness of labwork in promoting student learning.


Publications:


Book
Psillos, D., Niedderer, H. (Eds.): Teaching and Learning in the Science Laboratory - A book based on the European Project "Labwork in Science Education", Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers (2002)
Sander, Florian: Verbindung von Theorie und Experiment im Physikalischen Praktikum. In: H. Niedderer & H. Fischler (Hrsg.). Studien zum Physiklernen, Bd. 13 (Dissertation Universität Bremen), Berlin: Logos (2000)
Article in books
Niedderer, H., Sander, Goldberg, F., Otero, V., Jorde, D., Slotta, J., Strømme, A., Fischer, H.E., Hucke, L., Tiberghien, A., Vince, J.: Research about the Use of Information Technology in Science Education. In: Psillos, D., Kariotoglou, P., Tselfes, V., Hatzikraniotis, E., Fassoulopoulos, G., Kallery, M., (Eds.). Science Education in the Knowledge-Based Society, Kluwer Academic Publishers (2003), 309-322
Sander, F., Schecker, H., Niedderer, H.: Computer Tools in the Lab - Effects Linking Theory and Experiment. In: Dimitris Psillos and Hans Niedderer (Eds.). Teaching and learning in the science laboratory, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers (2002), 219-230
Psillos, D., Niedderer, H.: Issues and Questions Regarding the Effectiveness of Labwork. In: Dimitris Psillos and Hans Niedderer (Eds.). Teaching and learning in the science laboratory, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers (2002), 21-30
Niedderer, H., Buty, C., Haller, K., Hucke, L., Sander, F., Fischer, H.E., v. Aufschnaiter, S., Tiberghien, A.: Talking Physics in Labwork Contexts - A Category Based Analysis of Videotapes. In: Dimitris Psillos and Hans Niedderer (Eds). Teaching and learning in the science laboratory, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers (2002), 31-40
Psillos, D., Niedderer, H., Vicentini, M.: Case Studies on Innovative Types of Labwork in Science Education. In: M. Bandiera, S. Caravitta, E. Torracca and M. Vicentine (eds.): Research in Science Education in Europe, Dordrecht: Kluwer (1999), 201-208
Article in journals
Niedderer, H.: Recherche et dévelopment en didactique de la physique à l'université; résultats et tendences. (Research and development in physics didactics at university; issues and trends). In: Didaskalia no 14 (1999), 95-113
Welzel, M., Haller, K., Bandiera, M., Hammelev, D., Koumaras, P., Niedderer, H., Paulsen, A., Robinault, K. & Aufschnaiter, S. v.: Ziele, die Lehrende mit experimentellen Arbeiten in der naturwissenschaftlichen Ausbildung verbinden - Ergebnisse einer europäischen Umfrage. In: Zeitschrift für Didaktik der Naturwissenschaften, 4(1) (1998), 29-44
Article in proceedings
Haller, K., Welzel, M. & Aufschnaiter, S. v.: Lernprozeßforschung im Physikpraktikum - Konsequenzen einer Zieleuntersuchung. In: Brechel, R. (Hrsg.): Zur Didaktik der Physik und Chemie - Probleme und Perspektiven, Alsbach/Bergstraße: Leuchtturm-Verlag (1999), 346-348
Haller, K., Niedderer, H. & Aufschnaiter, S. v.: Talking About Physics During Labwork Activities. In: Komorek, M. et al. (Eds.). Research in Science Education: Past, Present, and Future. Proceedings of the Second International Conference of the European Science Education Research Association (E.S.E.R.A.), Vol 2, Kiel: IPN (1999), 351-353
Haller, K., Welzel, M. & Aufschnaiter, S. v.: 'Explizite' und 'implizite' Ziele: Welches Ziel spielt welche Rolle? - Lernprozeßforschung im Physikpraktikum. In: Zur Didaktik der Physik und Chemie: Probleme und Perspektiven. Hrsg. von der GDCP, Kiel. Alsbach/Bergstraße: Leuchtturm-Verlag (1998), 334-336
Sander, F., Niedderer, H.: Einsatz des Computers im physikalischen Praktikum -eine Lernprozeßstudie. In: H. Behrendt (Hrsg.). Zur Didaktik der Physik und Chemie, Alsbach: Leuchtturm (1998), 316-318
Sander, F., Niedderer, H. & Schecker, H.: Empirische Untersuchung zum Computereinsatz im physikalischen Praktikum. In: DPG, Fachverband Didaktik (Hrsg.). Vorträge 62. Physikertagung 1998. Regensburg (1998), 492-497
Haller, K., Welzel, M. & Aufschnaiter, S. v.: Lernen von Physik im Praktikum - Die Ziele Lehrender und Lernender. In: Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, Fachverband Didaktik der Physik (Hrsg.). Didaktik der Physik: Vorträge - Physikertagung 1998, Regensburg. Bad Honnef: DPG GmbH (1998), 480-485
Aufschnaiter, C. v.; Welzel, M. & Haller, K.: Physikalisches Praktikum - interessant, wichtig, schwierig. In: Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, Fachverband Didaktik der Physik (Hrsg.). Didaktik der Physik: Vorträge - Physikertagung 1997, Berlin. Bad Honnef: DPG GmbH (1997), 724-729
Haller, K., Welzel, M. & Aufschnaiter, S. v.: Was soll, kann, darf, muß ein physikalisches Praktikum leisten. In: Zur Didaktik der Physik und Chemie: Probleme und Perspektiven. Hrsg. von der GDCP, Kiel. Alsbach/Bergstraße: Leuchtturm-Verlag (1997), 257-259
Haller, K., Welzel, M. & Aufschnaiter, C. v.: Ziele im physikalischen Praktikum. In: Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, Fachverband Didaktik der Physik (Hrsg.). Didaktik der Physik: Vorträge - Physikertagung 1997, Berlin. Bad Honnef: DPG GmbH (1997), 730-735
self-published
Niedderer, H., Tiberghien, A., Buty, C., Haller, K., Hucke, L., Sander, F., Fischer, H.E., Schecker, H., v. Aufschnaiter, S., Welzel, M.: Category Based Analysis of Videotapes from labwork (CBAV) - the method and results from four case studies. In: Working Paper 9 from the European project Labwork in Science Education (Targeted Socio-Economic Research Programme, Project PL 95-2005), 41 pages (1998)
Séré, M.G., Tiberghien, A., Paulsen, A. C., Leach, J., Niedderer, H., Psillos, D., Vicentini, M.: Labwork in Science Education - Executive Summary. In: Working paper from the European project Labwork in Science Education (Targeted Socio-Economic Research Programme, Project PL 95-2005), 16 pages (1998)
Andrée Tiberghien, Karine Bécu-Robinault, Christian Buty, Manuel Fernandez, Hans Fischer, John Leach, Jean-François Le Maréchal, Anastasios Molohides, Albert Chr.Paulsen, Didier Pol, Dimitris Psillos, Naoum Salame, Carlo Tarsitani, Eugenio Torracca, Laurent Veillard, Stefan v. Aufschnaiter and Jean Winther: Science Teaching and Labwork Practice in Several European Countries Volume 1: Description of Science Teaching at Secondary Level. In: Working Paper 2, Vol. 1, from the European project Labwork in Science Education (Targeted Socio-Economic Research Programme, Project PL 95-2005), 71 pages (1998)
Leach, J., Millar, R., Ryder, J., Séré, M.-G., Niedderer, H., Paulsen, A. & Tselfes, V.: Survey 2: Students' 'Images of Science' as they relate to labwork learning. In: WORKING PAPER 4 from the European project LABWORK IN SCIENCE EDUCATION (Targeted Socio-Economic Research Programme, Project PL 95-2005), 83 pages (1998)
Andrée Tiberghien, Karine Bécu-Robinault, Christian Buty, Hans Fischer, Kerstin Haller, Dorte Hammelev, Lorenz Hucke, Petros Kariotoglou, Helge Kudahl, John Leach, Jean-François Le Maréchal, Jenny Lewis, Hans Niedderer, Albert Chr.Paulsen, Dimitris Psillos, Florian Sander, Horst Schecker, Marie-Geneviève Séré, Carlo Tarsitani, Eugenio Torracca, Laurent Veillard, Stefan v. Aufschnaiter, Manuela Welzel, and Jean Winther: Teachers' Labwork Practice, an Analysis Based on Questionnaires. In: WORKING PAPER 2, Vol. 2, from the European project LABWORK IN SCIENCE EDUCATION (Targeted Socio-Economic Research Programme, Project PL 95-2005), 32 pages (1998)
Welzel, M., Haller, K., Bandiera, M., Hammelev, D., Koumaras, P., Niedderer, H., Paulsen, A., Robinault, K., von Aufschnaiter, S.: Teachers' Objectives For Labwork. Research Tool And Cross Country Results. In: Working Paper 6 from the European project Labwork in Science Education (Targeted Socio-Economic Research Programme, Project PL 95-2005), 109 pages (1998)
Schoolbook
Haller, K.: Über den Zusammenhang von Handlungen und Zielen. Eine empirische Untersuchung zu Lernprozessen im physikalischen Praktikum. In: Niedderer, H. & Fischler, H. (Hrsg.). Studien zum Physiklernen, Bd. 5, Berlin: Logos (1999)

Last change: 12.11.2017